atomic scan and openscap-daemon

I would like to thank Brent Baude, Zbynek Moravec, Simon Lukasik, Dan Walsh and others who contributed to this feature!

Introduction

Containers are a very big topic today, almost all businesses are looking into deploying their future services using containers. At the same time, container technology is transitioning from being a developer toy tool to something that businesses rely on. That means that container users are now focusing on security and reliability.

In this blog post we will discuss a new security related feature in Project Atomic that allows users to check whether their containers have known vulnerabilities. This allows the users to catch and replace containers that have vulnerabilities and thus prevent exploits.

Motivation

Vulnerabilities are potentially a very costly problem for production deployments — internal or customer data leaks, fraud, … The bigger the deployment with more different containers images being used the tougher it gets to track vulnerabilities. Having a tool that can scan all containers we have deployed for vulnerabilities without affecting services would clearly help a lot.

Installation

We will need:

There are two major setups that we will discuss.

Everything on the same host (simple)

atomic_scan_host

We could install all 3 parts on the host computer and then scan containers that are on that computer.

# assuming Fedora 23
dnf install atomic
dnf install openscap-daemon

systemctl enable openscap-daemon
systemctl start openscap-daemon

 

OpenSCAP in SPC (preferred)

atomic_scan_spc

We could install Atomic on the host computer, then install a super-privileged container with openscap-daemon, openscap and Atomic inside. The host Atomic will request the SPC to scan containers on the host machine.

This arrangement seems more tricky and complex but in the end is easier to manage because we can just pull the latest version of the SPC to install and/or update.

# assuming Fedora 23 and a self-built SPC
dnf install atomic
git clone https://github.com/OpenSCAP/openscap-daemon.git
cd openscap-daemon/atomic
docker build f23_spc
# replace ID with the final ID that `docker build` gives you
atomic install $ID
atomic run $ID
# assuming Fedora 23 and a pre-built SPC
# TODO

Usage

OK, now we have all the bits we need. Let’s use them.

# scanning a single container
atomic scan $ID
# scanning a single container image
atomic scan $ID
# scanning all images and all containers
atomic scan --all

Example output:

$ atomic scan 82ad5fa11820

Scanning...

Container/Image   Cri   Imp   Med   Low  
---------------   ---   ---   ---   ---  
82ad5fa11820      1     2     7     2  
$ atomic scan --detail 82ad5fa11820

Scanning...

82ad5fa11820
OS : Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 7.1 (Maipo)
Critical : 1
CVE : RHSA-2015:1981: nss, nss-util, and nspr security update (Critical)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2015-7181
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:1981-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-1981.html

Important : 2
CVE : RHSA-2015:2172: glibc security update (Important)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2015-5277
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2172-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2172.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:1840: openldap security update (Important)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2015-6908
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:1840-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-1840.html

Moderate : 7
CVE : RHSA-2015:2199: glibc security, bug fix, and enhancement update (Moderate)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2013-7423
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2199-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2199.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:2159: curl security, bug fix, and enhancement update (Moderate)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2014-3613
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2159-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2159.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:2155: file security and bug fix update (Moderate)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2014-0207
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2155-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2155.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:2154: krb5 security, bug fix, and enhancement update (Moderate)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2014-5355
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2154-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2154.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:2131: openldap security, bug fix, and enhancement update (Moderate)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2015-3276
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2131-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2131.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:2108: cpio security and bug fix update (Moderate)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2014-9112
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2108-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2108.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:2101: python security, bug fix, and enhancement update (Moderate)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2013-1752
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2101-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2101.html

Low : 2
CVE : RHSA-2015:2140: libssh2 security and bug fix update (Low)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2015-1782
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2140-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2140.html

CVE : RHSA-2015:2111: grep security and bug fix update (Low)
CVE URL : https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2015-1345
RHSA ID : RHSA-2015:2111-00
RHSA URL : https://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2015-2111.html

Future

We are working to get all of those parts packaged and then publish the ready-made SPC. In the future `atomic scan` may even pull it automatically so no installation other than Atomic should be required.

Further reading

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